Genesis 2:2
New International Version
By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work.

New Living Translation
On the seventh day God had finished his work of creation, so he rested from all his work.

English Standard Version
And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done.

Berean Study Bible
And by the seventh day God had finished the work He had been doing; so on that day He rested from all His work.

King James Bible
And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.

New King James Version
And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.

New American Standard Bible
By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.

NASB 1995
By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.

NASB 1977
And by the seventh day God completed His work which He had done; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.

Amplified Bible
And by the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested (ceased) on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.

Christian Standard Bible
On the seventh day God had completed his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
By the seventh day God completed His work that He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work that He had done.

American Standard Version
And on the seventh day God finished his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And in the sixth day, God finished his works that he made, and he was refreshed in the seventh day from all his works that he had made.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And God finished on the sixth day his works which he made, and he ceased on the seventh day from all his works which he made.

Contemporary English Version
By the seventh day God had finished his work, and so he rested.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made: and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done.

English Revised Version
And on the seventh day God finished his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.

Good News Translation
By the seventh day God finished what he had been doing and stopped working.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing. On the seventh day he stopped the work he had been doing.

International Standard Version
By the seventh day God had completed the work he had been doing, so on the seventh day he stopped working on everything that he had done.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And on the seventh day God finished His work which He had made; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made.

Literal Standard Version
and God completes by the seventh day His work which He has made, and ceases by the seventh day from all His work which He has made.

NET Bible
By the seventh day God finished the work that he had been doing, and he ceased on the seventh day all the work that he had been doing.

New Heart English Bible
And on the sixth day God finished his works which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his works which he had made.

World English Bible
On the seventh day God finished his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.

Young's Literal Translation
and God completeth by the seventh day His work which He hath made, and ceaseth by the seventh day from all His work which He hath made.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Seventh Day
1Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array. 2And by the seventh day God had finished the work He had been doing; so on that day He rested from all His work. 3Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because on that day He rested from all the work of creation that He had accomplished.…

Cross References
Hebrews 4:4
For somewhere He has spoken about the seventh day in this manner: "And on the seventh day God rested from all His works."

Hebrews 4:10
For whoever enters God's rest also rests from his own work, just as God did from His.

Genesis 2:3
Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because on that day He rested from all the work of creation that He had accomplished.

Exodus 20:8
Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.

Exodus 20:11
For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth and the sea and all that is in them, but on the seventh day He rested. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and set it apart as holy.

Exodus 31:15
For six days work may be done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of complete rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day must surely be put to death.

Exodus 31:17
It is a sign between Me and the Israelites forever; for in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, but on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.'"


Treasury of Scripture

And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.

And on.

Genesis 1:31
And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

Exodus 20:11
For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

Exodus 23:12
Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.

seventh day God.

rested.









(2) God ended his work.--Not all work (see John 5:17, and Note in loc.), but the special work of creation. The laws given in these six days still continue their activity; they are still maintained, and there may even be with them progress and development. There is also something special on this seventh day; for in it the work of redemption was willed by the Father, wrought by the Son, and applied by the Holy Ghost. But there is no creative activity, as when vegetable or animal life began, or when a free agent first walked erect upon a world given him to subdue.

The substitution, in the LXX. and Syriac, of the sixth for the seventh day, as that on which God ended His work, was probably made in order to avoid even the appearance of Elohim having put the finishing touches to creation on the Sabbath.

Verse 2. - And on the seventh day God (Elohim) ended his work which he had made. To avert the possibility of imagining that any portion of the seventh day was consumed in working, which the English version seems to favor, the LXX., the Samaritan, and Syriac versions insert the sixth day in the text instead of the seventh. Calvin, Drusius, Le Clerc, Rosenmüller, and Kalisch translate had finished. Others understand the sense to be declared the work to be finished, while Baumgarten and Delitzsch regard the resting as included in the completion of the work, and Von Bohlen thinks "the language is not quite precise." But calah followed by rain signifies to cease from prosecuting any work (Exodus 34:33; 1 Samuel 10:13; Ezekiel 43:23), and this was, negatively, the aspect of that sabbatic rest into which the Creator entered. And he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Shavath, the primary idea of which is to sit still, depicts Elohim as desisting from his creative labors, and assuming a posture of quiescent repose. The expression is a pure anthropomorphism. "He who fainteth not, neither is weary" (Isaiah 40:28), can be conceived of neither as resting nor as needing rest through either exhaustion or fatigue. Cessation from previous occupation is all that is implied in the figure, and is quite compatible with continuous activity in other directions. John 5:17 represents the Father as working from that period onward in the preservation and redemption of that world which by his preceding labors he had created and made.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
And by the seventh
הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י (haš·šə·ḇî·‘î)
Article | Number - ordinal masculine singular
Strong's 7637: Seventh (an ordinal number)

day
בַּיּ֣וֹם (bay·yō·wm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3117: A day

God
אֱלֹהִים֙ (’ĕ·lō·hîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

had finished
וַיְכַ֤ל (way·ḵal)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3615: To be complete, at an end, finished, accomplished, or spent

the work
מְלַאכְתּ֖וֹ (mə·laḵ·tōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 4399: Deputyship, ministry, employment, work, property

He had been doing;
עָשָׂ֑ה (‘ā·śāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

so on [that]
הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י (haš·šə·ḇî·‘î)
Article | Number - ordinal masculine singular
Strong's 7637: Seventh (an ordinal number)

day
בַּיּ֣וֹם (bay·yō·wm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3117: A day

He rested
וַיִּשְׁבֹּת֙ (way·yiš·bōṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7673: To repose, desist from exertion

from all
מִכָּל־ (mik·kāl)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

His work.
מְלַאכְתּ֖וֹ (mə·laḵ·tōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 4399: Deputyship, ministry, employment, work, property


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OT Law: Genesis 2:2 On the seventh day God finished his (Gen. Ge Gn)
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